Cyberterrorism Questionnaire Project

The Genesis of the Cyberterrorism Project’s Academic Questionnaire

One of the principal aims of the cyberterrorism project is to consider the question “what is cyberterrorism?” In pursuit of this, I (Simon Lavis) joined the project team in July 2012, with my principal role being to assist in the creation and distribution of a questionnaire that would explore academic understandings of, and attitudes toward, the concept of cyberterrorism.

After completing a review of relevant literature on cyberterrorism and several meetings with other members of the project team, a twenty-question survey was constructed. One of the more challenging aspects of the questionnaire’s creation was deciding on the format of questions. The team ultimately decided on a range of both open and closed question formats, enabling the collection of both restricted, quantitative data and less restricted descriptive answers, as best suited the focus of each question individually. This range also served to generate a questionnaire that was sufficiently detailed for our intended recipients, whilst being concise enough to encourage participation.

The other major task was to generate a list of potential respondents. The principal concern here was to ensure that we that identified a suitable sample within the relevant academic population. This involved selecting not only key authors on the subject, but scholars and researchers who have contributed to related fields as well. It was clear also that time would need to be spent verifying contact information, as targeted individuals may have moved on to different institutions or posts. In the end, our list was created by conducting a targeted literature review, contacting the editorial teams and recent contributors to a few prominent academic journals that focus on aspects of terrorism, as well as a modest number of individuals who were recommended by project members or our early respondents. Almost 600 potential respondents have been contacted individually with the questionnaire, as well as an indeterminate number of potential respondents via two mailing lists in the area of terrorism research.

To date (28/09/2012) we have received 103 responses, from researchers in 19 different countries. We are extremely pleased with the current response rate, particularly as the questionnaire was distributed at a time when many academics are on leave. We are also very grateful for the detailed responses, and have chosen to extend our deadline for response through October to allow for a third round of invitations to be sent to potential respondents. Soon we will begin the exciting and challenging task of analysing the answers we have received.

On behalf of the project team, I would like to thank all of those who have participated for their time and contribution to this research.

Table of Questionnaire Respondents

Prof. Jeffrey F. Addicott, St Mary’s University
Dr. Fahed Al-Sumait, Gulf University of Science and Technology
Dr. Anne Aly, Curtin University
Edwin Bakker, Universiteit Leiden, Campus the Hague
Prof. Sanjay Bapna, Morgan State University
Dr. David Barnard-Wills, Trilateral Research
Dr. Igor Bernik, University of Maribor
Jessie Blackbourn, The University of New South Wales
Dr. Lorraine Bowman-Grieve, University of Lincoln
Dr. Alia Brahimi, London School of Economics
Dr. Oldrich Bures, Metropolitan University, Prague
Dr. Madeline Carr, Aberystwyth University
Dr. Jennifer Varriale Carson, University of Central Missouri
Gordon Clubb, University of Leeds
Dr. Maura Conway, Dublin City University
Dr. Erik J. Dahl, Naval Postgraduate School, CA
Dr. Dorothy Denning, Naval Postgraduate School
Prof. Priya Dixit, Virginia Tech; American University, Washington DC
Dr. Myriam Dunn Cavelty, Center for Security Studies (CSS), ETH Zurich
James Fitzgerald, Dublin City University
Prof. Shawn Teresa Flanigan, San Diego State University
Nadina Foggetti, University of Bari
Dr. James J. F. Forest, University of Massachusetts, Lowell
Prof. Giampiero Giacomello, Universita di Bologna
Dr. Charlotte Heath-Kelly, Aberystwyth University
Lewis Herrington, University of Warwick
Annette Hübschle-Finch, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies
Lawrence A. Husick, Center for the Study of Terrorism
Musa Khan Jalalzai, Author
Dr. Christian Kaunert, University of Salford
Prof. Jeremy Keenan, University of London
Prof. Isaac Kfir, Syracuse University
Dr. Åshild Kolås, Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO)
Prof. Margaret E. Kosal, Georgia Institute of Technology
Dr. George K. Kostopoulos, University of Maryland University College
Prof. Adam Lankford, University of Alabama
Dr. Peter Lehr, University of St Andrews
Chamila Liyanage, University of London
Prof. James M. Lutz, Indiana University, Purdue University Fort Wayne
Dr. Gus Martin, California State University, Dominguez Hills
Dr. Mark R. McCoy, University of Central Oklahoma
Prof. Richard M. Medina, George Mason University
Dr. John F. Morrison, University of East London
Prof. Doug Munroe, Quest University
Dr. Andrew W. Neal, University of Edinburgh
Dr. Nihat Ali Özcan, Economic Policy Research Foundation of Turkey
Raffaello Pantucci, The International Centre For The Study Of Radicalisation And Political Violence
Dr. Swati Parashar, University of Wollongong
Kaja Prislan, University of Maribor
Ami-Jacques Rapin, Université de Lausanne
Dr. Anthony Richards, University of East London
Dr. Karthika Sasikumar, San José State University
Prof. Mark Sedgwick, Aarhus University
Prof. Jeffrey Sluka, Massey University
Dr. Anne Speckhard, Georgetown University
Dr. Brian H. Spitzberg, San Diego State University
Paul Stott, University of East Anglia
Dr. Ioannis Tellidis, Kyung Hee University
David Vaile, University of New South Wales
James R. Van De Velde, Author
Teun van Dongen, The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies
Dr. Alex A. Wilner, Center for Security Studies, ETH Zurich
Carl Anthony Wege, College of Coastal Georgia
Prof. Robert W. White, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis
Dr. Clay Wilson, University of Maryland University College
Kiyana Zolfaghar, University of Washington, Tacoma

An additional 52 respondents chose not to be identified.